Kashmir Dog Breed

Kashmir Dog Breed- Complete Information

Get ready to be fascinated by the intriguing Kashmir Dog, also known as the Bakharwal Mastiff. 

This old breed comes from the beautiful Himalayan mountains in India and has a history that goes way back. 

Living in the Northern Himalayas, these dogs have a captivating past that we’ll explore in this article. 

We’ll learn about where they came from, what makes them unique, their behavior, and how to take care of their health. Come along on this interesting journey into the world of the Kashmir Dog.

Also, Read- Kombai Dog Price in India

About Kashmir Dog Breed


The Bakharwal breed, also known as the Bakharwal mastiff or Gurjar watchdog, originated approximately 300 years ago through a crossbreeding between a molosser sheepdog and a wolf. 

This breed hails from Jammu & Kashmir, a state in India, and was bred by two nomadic tribes called Gujjars and Bakarwals. Despite their ancient lineage, the exact history of these dogs is still a subject of debate.

They primarily resided in the Pir Panjal mountain range in the Northern Himalayas. These dogs have played a vital role as livestock guardians, fearlessly protecting their flocks from large predators.

Physical description-

With their large head, muscular neck, and almond-shaped brown eyes, the Kashmiri sheepdog captures your attention. This breed is known for its impressive size and strength. They have a deep chest and are leaner than most Asian molossers.

When fully grown, they can reach a height of 24 inches and weigh between 85 to 130 pounds. The Kashmiri sheepdog has a short, well-built muzzle with a black nose, medium-sized pendant-shaped ears, and a distinctive coat. Their thick fur protects them from the harsh weather conditions of the Himalayan mountains.


Take note of the Kashmir dog breed’s temperament as they’re specifically bred as livestock guardians and take their duties seriously. 

These firm and brave guardians effectively protect their flock from large predators. They tolerate people of all ages and are affectionate with their family members. However, they can be aggressive and territorial towards other dogs and pets.

Their independent thinking makes them intelligent but easily bored with repetitive commands. It’s important to understand that they require mental stimulation and engaging activities to keep them mentally sharp and content. With proper socialization and training, their natural instincts can be channeled in a positive way.


Kashimr dogs or Bakarwal dogs are primarily used as livestock guardians, protecting homes, farms, and livestock from predators. They form strong bonds with the livestock and their owners, making them loyal and dedicated protectors.

In addition to their role as livestock guardians, Kashmir dogs are also utilized by the Indian police to fight against militants on the borders. Their courage, loyalty, and bravery make them valuable assets in these situations. With their strong and agile bodies, they’re well-suited for the tasks at hand.

Whether it’s protecting livestock or serving in the police force, the kashmir dog breed proves its worth in various settings.


Bakharwals are often fed a vegetarian diet by the local people, consisting of maize, milk, dairy products, and rice chaff bread. However, they can also consume and digest meat. This diet is suitable for their role as livestock protectors.

It’s important to provide them with proper nutrition to ensure their overall health and well-being. Along with their vegetarian meals, it’s recommended to include essential nutrients and vitamins to meet their dietary needs.

Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor their health and address any specific dietary requirements. Remember, a well-balanced diet is crucial for keeping your Bakharwal dog healthy and active.

Health Problems-

The Kashmir dog breed is generally sturdy and healthy, but they can be susceptible to certain health issues. It’s important to be aware of these potential problems and take necessary precautions.

Some common health issues that Kashmir dogs may face include hip dysplasia, bloating, obesity, patellar luxation, and cryptorchidism. Regular and thorough health checkups with a veterinarian can help identify and address these issues early on, preventing further complications.

Additionally, proper care and attention are essential for their overall well-being.


On average, the price of a Bakharwal dog can range between 2000 to 6000 Rs. It is important to note that Bakharwal dogs are extremely rare, with an estimated population of only 100 pure Bakharwals left in India. Therefore, it might be very difficult to find one. For more in-depth information, you can check out the Bakharwal Dog price in India

Maintenance of Kashmir Dog Breed

To keep your Bakharwal dog’s coat in optimal condition, it’s important to regularly groom and maintain it.

Bakharwals have a dense double coat that requires weekly brushing to prevent tangling and minimize shedding. Trimming may be necessary in areas with long hair, but it’s advisable to avoid shaving the coat completely as it can harm the dog.

In addition to brushing, regular checks and grooming of the ears, eyes, nails, and teeth are important for overall maintenance. Bakharwals are generally a tough and hardy breed, but regular veterinary check-ups are still recommended.

Pros and Cons of Owning a Kashmir Dog Breed


  1. Very loyal and gentle towards family members.
  2. Are excpetionally protective of the members.
  3.  They can be left alone as they do not suffer from separation anxiety
  4. Extermly hardy and healthy Dog Breed
  5. They are Buget friendly dog breeds


  1. Breed is not suitable for novice owner.
  2. It is quite independent and can be difficult to train
  3.  High Exercise demand.
  4. Needs socialization as early as possible.
  5. They are very rare

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, similar to many Indian dog breeds, Bakharwal dogs are also at risk of extinction. Therefore, I encourage you to raise awareness about this majestic breed and consider adopting an Indian dog breed. You will undoubtedly enjoy the experience.

Hope you found it helpful

Thank you for Reading.

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